Cross stitch, Needlecraft and Embroidery Glossary: Abby Cloth to Ayrshire work
A comprehensive illustrated needlecraft dictionary with clear definitions and working diagrams. Includes 766 terms used in cross stitch, embroidery, tapestry, blackwork, and goldwork.
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An evenweave fabric with intersecting thread groups which form clearly recognisable holes for cross stitch. It was invented by Zweigart in 1908 and sizes range from 6 count to 18 count, 24.5 to 70 threads per 10 cms. 6 count is 2.45 threads per cm 7 count is 2.8 threads per cm 8 count is 3.25 threads per cm 10 count is 4 threads per cm 11 count is 4.35 threads per cm 14 count is 5.4 threads per cm 16 count is 6.4 threads per cm 18 count is 7 threads per cm.
This consists of blocks of three satin stitches over four threads, followed by another block started two threads higher as shown. A variation is Algerian filling stitch with bar where a horizontal stitch is added at the base of each block either in the same thread or a contrasting shade or texture. Also used in pulled thread work.
Working from left bring needle through and across three threads to the right and four down, then out two to the left and up across the first stitch, three to the right and four up, through and back left under two vertical threads.
Continue in this way as shown with the next row being worked directly above previous row.
A free embroidery stitch and a counted thread stitch which as the name suggests looks like a wall of bricks.
In the free version, make a row of stitches with the space of one between as shown, coming up at A and down at B, up at C and down at D. The second row is worked in the space starting half way up the original stitch, come up at E and down at F. The third row is worked as shown using the same lower hole as in the first row.
In the counted thread version rows of straight stitches are worked over two threads with a space of two threads between each stitch. The next row is started one thread below the first row. The rows interlock. Also known as brick stitch. See also double brick stitch.
Anne Cloth is an 18 count fabric with small lines woven into it to create a small box-like pattern.
Each square is 5" wide and the stitching area 90 x 90. The fabric comes in 145 cm 57” widths which is seven full panels and leaves a area for fringing at either side. Available in several colours with white and cream in a choice of 100% cotton or 100% polyacrylic. Picture courtesy of Zweigart.
Unravel the raw edges around the finished needlepoint so that single threads appear on all sides as shown. Pin and baste the needle point in position on the background material. With a large eyed needle take each thread through to the reverse side of the fabric. Turn to the reverse side and knot the needlepoint threads together in pairs pulling so that the canvas is held firmly in place. Turn to the right side again and outline the canvas with a edging stitch.
A free embroidery stitch or a counted thread stitch.
In free embroidery stitches are worked at right angles to one another. The usual method is to work from left to right with slanting stitches, making two stitches on the wrong side on the upward movement. The same effect is obtained by working two parallel rows of backstitches on the wrong side of the work, with the zigzag on the right side; or by working one row of stitches, filling in on the return journey The stitch may be worked also in pairs or vertically.
In counted thread three vertical straight stitches are worked over four threads of the fabric and pulled tightly to one side with a small horizontal stitch. It can be used for filling large areas and if there are any gaps at the edges these can be filled in with tent stitch.
A style of counted thread embroidery using two colours of thread on a white or natural background. The motifs are unworked but are outlined in double running stitch, the background is filled in with cross stitch. This originated in Northern Italy.
A counted thread stitch which gives a tufted carpet effect.
Work a stitch diagonally across two intersections, make a second stitch in the same place but leave a loop of thread. A knitting needle can be used to gauge the length of the loop. Then complete the cross and bring needle out again down and to the right across two intersections ready to start the next stitch.
After all the rows are complete, cut loops and trim evenly.
Work two small stitches to make V shapes at regular intervals along two parallel lines. Then zigzag between the lines as shown without the needle entering the fabric. Also known as whipped chevron stitch.
A form of white on white embroidery. This work was similar to broderie anglaise but finer using fine muslin, cambric or linen embroidered with white cottons and used for collars, cuffs and baby clothes.
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