This traditional craft had a revival in the 1930s and 40s and is becoming increasingly popular today.
It is a type of pattern darning worked on Huck fabric which has floats on one surface running vertically. The technique picks up these floats and weaves geometric patterns. The needle used is blunt and never pierces the fabric. Because of the use of regular weave it is considered to be a counted thread technique.
Unfortunately, the fabric is becoming more difficult to find but it is possible to use Aida and pick up part of the loops. Then the weaving can be used in conjuction with other counted thread stitches.
However although Swedish Weaving has only two basic stitches, straight and loop stitch, complicated patterns can be built up. If special threads are used such as sampler or watercolour floss, then very interesting effects can be achieved. See the Swedish Weaving Pillows by In a Gentle Fashion.
Straight stitches are threaded between loops either in a straight line or in a pattern and go through a float only once.
Loops are worked first through one float and then another returning to the first and passing through again.
Although the stitches are simple they can be worked into very elaborate designs mainly used for household linens.